The Ministry of the Interior establishes the country’s internal security policy and coordinates the activities of the government institutions of the administrative field for the purpose of ensuring internal security.
The security of the state is affected by a number of closely linked spheres, including, for example, the reliability of the political system, the competitiveness of the economic environment, critical infrastructure resilience, security of space and cyberspace as well as combat against terrorism and crime.
- Estonian fundamentals of the combat against terrorism » (210.79 KB, PDF)
Protection of the constitutional order and secrets of the state
Protection of the constitutional order is one of the crucial objectives of the internal security policy. The constitutional order protects the rights and freedoms of each resident of Estonia and allows us to live in an open democratic state. What is essential for ensuring our rights and freedoms is the prevention of situations where decision-makers – from the electorate up to the representatives of executive authorities – can be manipulated and directed towards making decisions that threaten the security of Estonia.
The protection of the constitutional order and secrets of the state in Estonia is the responsibility of Estonian Internal Security Service within the administrative area of the Ministry of the Interior. The Internal Security Service is a security agency entitled to perform pre-trial investigations and implement measures.
Combat against terrorism
The level of terrorism threat in Estonia remains low. Still, recent history shows that Estonian residents can become victims of terrorist attacks in other countries. Thus, one of the crucial tools for combating terrorism is increasing the efficiency of international cooperation.
Both activities in Estonia and international cooperation should aim to stop radicalisation, the financing of terrorism and the smuggling of strategic goods. The government set the policies for combating terrorism in the framework document on combat against terrorism approved in November 2013.
Pursuant to the Prüm Treaty/UN Security Council Resolution 2178 (2014), the contact point of counter-terrorism combat in Estonia is the Estonian Internal Security Service (KAPO).
Starting from 1 January 2016 air carriers are going to forward the gathered booking information to the Police and Border Guard Board. The data will make up a single database BRIIS, i.e. the booking information system.
The security, energy and economy infrastructure of a national importance depends on technologies that allow fast and secure exchange of information to be performed. People’s everyday activities, too, are more and more dependent on electronic communication. Numerous ministries and government institutions are related to ensuring cyber security in Estonia.
Cybercrime is one of the areas of cyber security, and the prevention and stopping of cybercrime is the responsibility of the Police and Border Guard Board within the administrative area of the Ministry of the Interior. The national cyber security policy is managed by the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications while the development of the national information system and responding to security incidents are organised by the Estonian Information System Authority.